What Is Black

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The Kru People: The Africans Who Vigilantly Refused to Be Captured into Slavery

From Black Girl Long Hair

August 28, 2015

kru people

The Kru people are indigenous to Liberia and the Ivory Coast. Kru were most known for seafaring and their strong resistance to capture by European enslavers in the Transatlantic slave trade. The Kru would fight vehemently and even take their own lives before surrendering to enslavement. Because of their tenacity, they were labeled as difficult and less valuable in the slave trade.

Apart from their strength in resistance, the Kru were known for their ability to effortlessly navigate the seas. Their skills in both canoeing and surfing the strong ocean currents brought upon much recognition which later afforded them work on British merchant and warships in the 1700s. Currently, the Kru account for 7% of the Liberian population.

kru women

kru people monroviaKru_Woman

Are you familiar with the Kru people?

The Story of Enslaved Africans In Canada

Canada’s secret slave-owning past revealed

THE STORY OF CANADIAN SLAVES — whose lives were as unjust and inhumane as those in the south — has largely been ignored. Slavery existed in Canada for 200 years and was officially abolished 30 years before the Emancipation Proclamation order was issued by U.S. President Abraham Lincoln. | Historians believe there was an estimated 4,000 Slaves who were forcibly brought to Canada, either directly as property, or shipped through the trans-Atlantic Slave trade from other British colonies.:

You’ve heard this story before, a group of slaves escape for freedom in the middle of the night. But, here’s the twist: These slaves weren’t running towards Canada, they were running away from it.

They were fleeing from Canadian slave owners and headed for freedom in Detroit.

The brutal depiction of life for U.S. slaves is back in the spotlight thanks to the Oscar-nominated film 12 Years a Slave. While American slavery is having its moment in Hollywood, the story of Canadian slaves — whose lives were as unjust and inhumane as those in the south — has largely been ignored.

“We tend to think of it as ‘not in my backyard’ myth about slavery,” says Delorean Kilen, project coordinator at the Ontario Black History Society. “People don’t remember that slavery existed here because we’ve been ‘slave-free’ longer than the U.S.”

Slavery existed in Canada for 200 years and was officially abolished 30 years before the Emancipation Proclamation order was issued by U.S. President Abraham Lincoln.

Historians believe there was an estimated 4,000 slaves who were forcibly brought to Canada, either directly as property, or shipped through the trans-Atlantic slave trade from other British colonies.

In 1793, Upper Canada outlawed importing slaves and the practice was officially abolished in 1833 alongside the rest of the British Empire.

“It’s something that people don’t want to talk about and not comfortable talking about,” says Natasha Henry, a historian and educator. “Slavery was used as a tool for both [British and Canadian] colonies. “By ignoring that we’re not portraying a complete history of Canada.”

Rosemary Sadlier is one of many Canadians whose roots reach back to pre-Confederation. Her mother’s family can be traced to 1840 while her father’s ancestors arrived in New Brunswick in 1793.

“Everyone assumes that everyone who is black is a recent immigrant, but there are thousands of black Canadians who have been here since the founding of the country,” says Sadlier, an author and recipient of the Order of Ontario.

“In my younger years I didn’t come away with a real sense of my family’s historic contributions to this country and I think there’s a way that we are made to feel to various measures that we aren’t the same, we haven’t paid our dues, we’re visitors in someone else’s country,” she says.

“When you have something like black history it changes all of those stereotypes because you can’t be an unwelcomed visitor in a country that’s your own.”

Charmaine Nelson, an art historian and professor at McGill University, believes a heavy dose of corrective action is needed to educate people who see slavery as only an American experience.

“We don’t ever want to take credit for slavery in Canada so we have to keep it out there in the tropics or the U.S.,” she says.

Photos and portraits that depict slavery in Canada are not easily found or publicized, which adds to the difficulty Nelson and other educators have when talking and teaching the public about this stain on our nation’s history.

A painting originally called Portrait of Negro Slave is one of the few items that gives a face to slavery in Canada. The name of the portrait was controversially changed to Portrait of a Haitian Woman.

“The renaming in effect expels slavery from Montreal and Quebec, rendering it only a troubling history of tropical colonies like Haiti and not one of immediate concern to Canadians.”

Here are some common myths about slavery in Canada debunked.

Slavery never existed in Canada, right? 
 


FACT: Many Canadians are under the assumption that slavery never existed in Canada (or not at the same levels found in the U.S.), which is false. The first recorded slave to arrive in Canada was a six-year-old boy named Olivier le Jeune from Madagascar in 1628. Most slaves were imported from other British colonies and the Americas.

Was Canada the first country to abolish slavery before other parts of the world followed suit?

FACT: Although slavery in Canada was officially abolished in 1833 politicians enacted legislation in 1793 that would set limitations on slavery in the country. The bill meant slaves would secure their freedom at 25 if born a slave, which was no help to most since the average lifespan of a slave was 20 to 25 years.

Weren’t all black slaves who escaped to Canada from the U.S. afforded all the civil liberties enjoyed by other European Canadians?

FACT: Despite the warm and fuzzy images and scenes displayed in most current-day slave narratives, black slaves who escaped to Canada faced discrimination, violence and segregation. Unlike racist laws that were found in the U.S. (think: Jim Crow), Canada had largely unwritten racist codes, which many could argue made it more difficult for black people in Canada.

Slaves who escaped north lived out the rest of their lives in Canada

FACT: Some former slaves left Canada for the U.S. once slavery was abolished in America to escape difficulties in Canada and for chances at upward mobility afforded to them by moving to cities with higher black populations. Entire generations of black Canadians were completely lost to Canadian history by moving to the U.S.

Lucien Alexis: “The Black Einstein”

From The CreolegenLucien Alexis Was Nicknamed

Not very much is known of his early childhood in New Orleans but what is known are the achievements he would make in the later years to come. Born to Louis Victor & Alice Saucier Alexis he was educated in the local schools where he excelled academically. Lucien was determined to attend Harvard University. Not having the finances to do so he began working in 1907 (at the age of twenty) as a railway mail clerk, saving for the education he so desperately desired.
By the time he reached twenty-seven,  he had set aside enough money for four years of college. He applied and was accepted at Harvard but was asked to attend (for one year) Phillips Exeter Academy in New Hampshire, a prestigious preparatory high school. While at Exeter, he lived in the home of Mr.H.F.Quimby and soon developed a keen interest in foreign languages and the sciences. By now he had had only enough money for three years upon entering Harvard so he managed by graduating “cum laude” a year early (1917). It was there at Harvard that he earned the nickname: “The Negro Einstein.” Read more here

The Black Race: Origin of All Humanity

By Runoko Rashidi

Thus, to this end, let us began where the genesis and creation of the first human beings (Homo Sapiens) fossil remains have been found and accurately dated at 3.5 million years, through the use of the Radio Potassium Argon method.   Drs. Richard and Mary Leakey, world renowned anthropologists were the first Europeans to make such finds of Black African fossil remains around the Great Lakes in East Africa (Times Magazine, March 14, 1994, p. 45, USA).   According to the Leakey’s, this ancient African human was a female, walking upright like modern humans, today (Dr. Mary Leakey, Serronghetti Plains, Tanzania, where fossil remains were found); Dr. Cheikh Anta Diop, Civilization or Barbarism, p 11, Lawrence Hills books, 1991, USA; Dr. Charles Finch III (M.D.), Echoes of the Old Darkland-Themes from the African Eden, 1991, pp. 1-57, Kenti Inc., USA, and John Jackson. Man, God and Civilization, pp. 16-28, Carol Publishing Group, 1990, N.Y., USA).

Humankind born around the Great Lakes Region of Africa, almost on the equator, is necessarily pigmented and Black; the ‘Gloger Law’ calls for warm-blooded animals to be pigmented in a hot and humid climate (Diop, Civilization or Barbarism, p. 11).  A recently released report in The Journal Nature describes the discovery of three humanoid skulls, two adults and one child in the Herto Middle Awash area of Ethiopia, dating back to between 5.2 and 5.8 million years ago (University of California, Berkeley, March 20, 2002).

Black African Early Presence Around The Earth-Europe

Around 50,000 years Before Present (B.P.), during the Upper Paleolithic Period, Black Africoid people arrived from Africa and the Southern Hemisphere into Europe via the Straits of Gibraltar and the Isthmus of Suez.  Today, Palaeo, Physical and Forensic Anthropology, as well as Prehistoric-Archaeology have definitively proven that the Black Africoids’ presence and culture was supreme and spread throughout the entire Earth, long before the arrival of Aryan-Whites (Europeans, today) and Mongoloid-Asians.   In fact, such Africoid cultural traces have been found all over Europe and Asia, from the Iberian Peninsula (Spain), to Lake Baykal in Siberia, passing through France, Austria, the Crimea and Basin of Don, today’s Russia (Dr. Diop, Civilization or Barbarism, p 15, 1991; Dr. C. Finch, Echoes of the Old Darkland-Themes From the African Eden, 1991, Kenti, Inc., USA, and Ghana Daily Graphic Newspaper, “Europe Founded By Few hundred Africans?” April 24th, 2001, No. 148197, Accra, Ghana.

Also, geneticist, Dr. Luigi Cavelli Sforza of Stanford University, Palo Alto, California, states that the Caucasoid (Aryan-Whites) and Mongoloid (yellow race) did not come on the Earth until about 26,000 years Before Present.   These two racial groups are the products of the Black Africoids’ mutation during the last Ice Age (Dr. Luigi Cavelli Sforza, New York Times Newspaper, July 27th, 1993, article: “A Geneticist Maps Ancient Migration”). According to British anthropologist, Christopher Stringer, of Britain’s Natural History Museum: Africa is the only region that has a continuity of evolution from primitive to modern humans—first modern Europeans and Asians do not show up before 40,000 years Before Present (B.P.), Times Magazine, March 14, 1994.

Moreover, according to historian Marija Gimbutas, there existed an ancient civilization of Africoid peoples in Ancient Europe which came directly from the Upper Paleolithic and Mesolithic periods.   They were characterized by a sedentary life, agriculture, a cult of mother goddess with many feminine divinities, a matriarchal, egalitarian, urbane and peaceful society.  It lasted from 6500 to 3500 B.C., and this society never knew War (Marija Gumbutas, Gods and Goddesses of Old Europe 7000-3500 B.C.: Myths, Legends and Cult Images (Berkeley:  University of California Press, 1982, USA).

According to Dr. Diop, this was unequivocally a society in every aspect, African.   Dr. Diop goes on to say research shows that this society was destroyed by barbarian Aryan-Whites who came from the Eurasiatic Russian steppes of the Caucasus Mountains (Diop, ibid. p. 19).  Writing toward the end of the period historians call the Greek Dark Age-the three or four hundred years following the Dorian invasions – the ancient Greek poet Hesiod (c. 700 B.C.E.) acknowledges that there once was a “golden race.”   Hesiod writes: “All good things” were theirs.  The Fruitful earth poured forth her fruits unbidden in boundless plenty.  In peaceful ease they kept their lands with good abundance, rich in flocks and dear to immortals” (Hesiod, Works and Days, quoted in, John Mansley Robinson, An Introduction to Early Greek Philosophy (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1968), pp. 12-12.   “The golden race were the black race and the golden age was the period before the arrival of the Whiteman” (Lawrence Guthrie, Making of The Whiteman, pp. 22-23, Beacon Communications, 1992, San Diego, CA., 92197, USA).

America: The oldest civilization known in the Americas was the Olmec, and it was of Black Africoid origin and flourished over a 5000 years period.   This civilization existed in the Americas before the arrival of the red Indians.  In fact, at the time of the Europeans arrival in Central and South America in the 15th century, descendants of the Black Olmecs were abounding throughout that region, particularly in Mexico.    In this regard, the testimony of Nicolas Leon proves instructive on how ancient the African presence was in America.   In fact, he says that Black people were the Original people of Mexico.  “The almost extinction of the original Negroes during the time of the Spanish conquest and the memories of them in the most ancient traditions induce us to believe that the Negroes were the first inhabitants of Mexico.” (Historia—General De Mexico, Mexico, 1919).

Riva-Palacio, a Mexican scholar stresses this point: “It is indisputable that in very ancient times the Mexicans recall a Negro god, Ixlilton, which means black – face.”   The Black Olmec Africoids were ethnologically connected to Africa’s Nile Valley Civilization (Dr. Diop, Nations, Negres et Culture, p. 116, Presence Africaine, Paris, 1955).  Moreover, in 1492 when Christopher Columbus was approaching the shores of the Americas, his Chief Navigator was a Black Moor from Mauritania name Don Pietro Olonzo Nino, Captain of the Flag ship—Maria, who logged in his diary as their ships approached the shores of the Americas, seeing Black Africans on land, as well as some sailing in large canoes leaving the shores of the Americas, heading out to sea in the direction towards the African Continent (John Jackson, Man, God, and Civilization, p. 286).  Descendants of the Olmecs who were living in America at the time Columbus arrived were the Black Wasschitaw of Mississippi, Black Mojave of California and the Jamassee of Georgia.

There is presently a law suit before the courts in the USA filed by a group of African Americans who claim to be descendants of the Black Wasschitaw Nation, and their Legal Claim is demanding the USA government return millions of acres of land taken from their forebears back to them.   The Olmec Civilization was known for its high order of Mathematics, Pyramids and Calendar.    Scientists today say the Olmec’s Calendar was more accurate than the modern day Gregorian Calendar in use (J. Jackson, Man, God and Civilization, quoting Colonel Alexandre Braghine, The Shadow of Atlantis, E.P. Dutton & Co., New York, 1940; Dr. Diop, Nations, Negres et Culture, ibid. p. 116); Professor Michael D. Coe of Yale University (1967) and Dr. Matthew Sterling (1938), Director of the Bureau of American Ethnology—branch of Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Moreover, Colonel A. Braghine says that he saw in a collection in Ecuador a statuette of a Negro that is at least “20,000 years old”.   He adds: “Some statues of the Indian gods in Central America possess typical Negro features and certain prehistoric monuments there undoubtedly represent Negroes” (Colonel A. Braghine, The Shadow of Atlantis, pp. 40-42, New York, USA., 1940).

A fitting statement was made by Professor Weiner of Harvard University (“Africa and the Discovery of America”, Vol. III, Philadelphia 1920-1922).   He shows how the culture of Americas so closely resembles African culture that one must conclude the African origins of America.   “The Identity of the spiritual civilization, down to the remotest details in the Sudan and in Mexico and elsewhere in America, leads to the assumption that other cultural elements, identical in both continents and frequently bearing the same name are of African origin.”   And lastly, R.A. Jairazbhdy, Ancient Egyptians and Chinese in America, has pointed out,  “The black began his career in America not as slave but as master” (Kemit, Kush, What They Never Told You in History Books, p. 27b, New York, USA). China: The Shang Dynasty (Chiang or Chi’ang) 1766-1100 B.C.E., was one of the oldest dynasties in China before the Mongoloid Asians came to power, and it was an all Black Africoid Dynasty (Runoko Rashidi-Essay by James Brunson, African Presence In Early China, p. 128, Transaction Publishers, New Brunswick USA).   Also, today, in Southwest China are descendants of Ancient Black Africoids known as ‘Nahki’ in the Chinese language, meaning the ‘Black ones’.   They are also called the ‘Yi’ or ‘Nuoso’ (Toronto’s Globe and Mail Newspaper, 1998, Joseph S. Rock, ‘The Ancient Nakhi Kingdom of Southwest China, Volume I).

According to Dr. Diop, 15,000 years Before Present, interbreeding between the Black Africoid and Caucasoid white created the Chancellade Man (prototype of yellow race).   This contact was made around the Caspian Sea area of the Caucasus Mountains during the Reindeer Period in the Magdalenian Age.  The epicanthic eyelid developed as a result of this group migrating to Outer Mongolia where the high wind factor caused the eyelid fold (Dr. Diop, Civilization or Barbarism, p 16).  India: The first Indians were Black Africoid people.   The earliest Indian settlement dates from the 6th millennium B.C.E. and earlier.   The geographical area of existence was in today’s Baluchistan and in lower Sind, to the north and west of present day Karachi.   These cities were known as Mohenjo-Daro and Harappen.   The “elaborate construction of these cities with hygienic sewage systems was like a minute version of Manhattan Island New York” (Rashidi/Van Sertima, African Presence in Early Asia, p 91, Transction Publishers, New Brunswick (USA), 1985).

Between 3000 to 2500 B.C.E., barbaric Aryan-Whites coming from the steppes of the Caucasus Mountains destroyed this civilization, and interbreed with their Black female captives.   Modern Archaeologists have uncovered evidence which shows that in Mohenjo-Daro even women and children were beaten to death.   Historian H.G. Rawlinson pointed out: “Mohenjo-Daro inhabitants were put to the sword by the barbarian Aryan-Whites coming from the Caucasus Mountains.”

Also, author E. Hawkride, Indian Gods and Kings on page 10, tells of the savage barbarism inflicted on the Blacks by these Aryan-Whites from the Caucasus (Paul Lawrence Guthrie, Making of The Whiteman, page 11, Beacon Communications, San Diego, Cal., USA, 1992).   There are 160 million Black people living in India, today.   This is the largest known concentration of Blacks in any country in the world, including Africa.   Forty five million of these Blacks fall under the Indian Government’s classification—Adivasi.  This means the Original owners of India. Japan: The first Japanese were Black.  There is a very evident Negro strain in a certain element of the Japanese population, particularly those of south Japan.   H. Imbert, who is the author of Les Negritos de la Chine, also points out that: “The Negro element in Japan is recognizable by the Negroid aspect of certain inhabitants with dark and often blackish skin, frizzy to curly hair….The Negritoes are the Oldest Race of the Far East.   Skulls of these Negritoes have been found in the island of Formosa (Taiwan China, today) and traces of this Negroid element in the island of Liu-kiu to the south of Japan.   The oldest known inhabitants of Japan are the Ainus.

According to Churchward in his book ‘Signs and Symbols of Primordial Man’ the Ainu….are of the same original race and type as the Australian Aborigines and their bodies correspond with the rituals of Ancient Egypt.   Their skulls are of the same shape and average capacity of the Australians and Nilotic Negroes.  According to a Japanese proverb:  For A Sumari Warrior To Be Brave, He Must Have A Bit Of Black Blood (Dr. Diop, African Origin of Civilization—Myth or Reality).  The disappearance or extinction of these Black Africoid civilizations and its people throughout Europe (6000 years ago); Asia (2500-800 B.C.E.); and the Americas (3000B.C.E.), comes as a result of the dispersion of hordes of barbarian Aryan-White tribes coming from the Caucasus Mountains (4000 B.C.E. going).   These Aryan-Whites scattered throughout Europe, Asia and the Americas and destroyed these Black Africoid societies, interbreed with their female captives, creating other mixed racial groups along the way (example: Asians and Arabs), (Dr. Diop,Civilization or Barbarism, p 19).  Ancient Egypt: A Black Kingdom (Foundational Base of American & European Culture, Philosophy, Religion, Medicine & Science)

Some people are hostile to things they have rejected and do not see that this was an all African world before the advent of the European.  The Hyksos if they were Asian were African Asians – see Runoko – The indigenous peoples were African – Runoko has seen them.  So if they invaded they were invading their own lands.  The European has divided us up in groups – African-Asian-Indian and so forth so he can divide and conquer all of us.  Like that woman said he invented race to further is insane culture and now that we have adopted his categories and classify ourselves with his words then he with draws form the race issue making it a non-issue. I still believe that the original Hebrews were Africans and sons and daughters of the Egyptians.  I believe that the model of all societies sprung form the migrating African.  I believe we all need a intermediary to the almighty and so far my wits tell me it is Yahshua or God whether that was his given name or not, whether he lived 2000 years ago or 10,000 years ago and was an Egyptian Pharaoh I don’t care – I know that the reality of Messiah is true.  We see through a glass darkly – but one day we will see all face to face.  Marsha Stewart

From StewartSynopsis